At Repsol, we use water for many processes, both at our refining and chemicals industrial centers and in our exploration and production operations.
Ensuring a quality and sufficient supply of this scarce resource is fundamental to the continuity of our operations in all our facilities. Consequently, water management is one of our Company’s main environmental challenges for 2025.
To help us in this task, we have an in-house developed tool — the Repsol Water Tool (RWT) — which gives us a comprehensive view of how we manage this resource, as well as the risks associated with each facility both internally (how this resource is used and consumed in different processes, treatment and quality of discharge, etc.) and externally (availability, quality, and ecosystems that provide us with water or that are affected by discharge, competition for the water resource, etc.).
We developed this tool in 2012, and it is based on the Global Environmental Management Initiative’s (GEMI) Local Water Tool and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development’s (WBCSD) Global Water Tool (GWT). In 2018, we updated it with the aim of improving usability and updating some methodological aspects.
With its results, our experts identify the aspects to be improved and design specific action plans for each installation, focusing on three lines of work: improving our understanding of the environment and of how water is used, efficient management of water resources, and improving water treatment technologies. The goals and steps included in the action plans are designed considering both the local environment and facility-specific aspects.
The OECD estimates that industry’s water demand will increase by 400% from 2000 – 2050, and the amount of water extracted for energy production will increase by a fifth between 2010 and 2035. Likewise, water consumption could increase by 85%, driven by the transition towards more efficient power plants with more advanced cooling systems.
Water is also essential in the oil and gas sector. As a result, the challenge is to strike a balance between the use of both these resources for energy production.
With this project, we positively contribute to the United Nations' 2030 Agenda through the following SDGs: