Biodiversity protection

Biodiversity is a wide-ranging concept that refers not only to ecosystems and their living components, but also to the ecological processes that sustain them and the services that these processes provide. 

Applying best management practices

As part of our mission to be an energy company committed to a sustainable world, at Repsol we are concerned about mitigating impacts on biodiversity and the resources it provides us with during the planning and development of our projects and operations, regardless of where they are located.

We are aware of the important and positive role that companies can play in finding solutions the global challenges of biodiversity and ecosystem services loss. For this reason, at Repsol we focus our management practices on:

Sagari Project esplanade

Sagari Project (Peru)

In the construction of the Sagari Project, we have implemented management measures that enabled us to identify biologically sensitive areas and to mitigate biodiversity impacts. These measures include the installation of canopy bridges and the translocation of plants. 

In addition, we have carried out the revegetation of the pipeline as part of the Asset Abandonment Plan.

Impact mitigation hierarchy

Applying the hierarchy of mitigation of potential impacts on biodiversity is fundamental. Repsol was the first company in the energy sector to apply the Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (BES) Management Ladder methodology, developed by the Global Oil and Gas Industry Association for environmental and social issues (IPIECA). This framework, which was also defined with the participation of experts from our company, enables us to analyze the current situation of an asset and to identify the next steps to be taken. It focuses on six interrelated management practices:

In order to apply this methodology, we have internal environmental management regulations, which include Environmental, Social and Health Impact Assessments (ESHIA) for all new operations or facilities. These studies ensure that all potential impacts are identified as early as possible in the project life cycle and are taken into account in the project design to prevent and mitigate their effects.

The regulations include, among other aspects, the obligation to determine the sensitivity of the area of influence of the operations and to assess, project by project, the continuity or not in the case of sensitive areas.

Success stories

We adapt management actions to the specific needs of the areas where we are present.

Caipipendi Project. Amazon rainforest

Managing biodiversity in our projects

Our operations in the Caipipendi area (Bolivia) incorporate biodiversity criteria in all phases of the asset's life.

We have conducted an environmental impact study, sensitivity mapping, and historical monitoring of the area with satellite imagery to identify our impacts and mitigate them.

Sea breaking on an island

Applying the mitigation hierarchy in impact management

We built artificial canopy bridges in the area of influence of Block 16 (Ecuador) that link the canopies of the giant trees in the area, creating biotic corridors that facilitate the mobility of species in the forest of the Yasuní National Park. We identify, evaluate, and recover deforested areas to minimize this risk and structure restoration. 

In addition, we have been monitoring the environmental characteristics of the area of influence of our operations for more than 25 years.

Forest with sunbeams between the trunks

We value the impacts on natural capital

We have conducted a natural capital analysis in Block 57 (Peru) to understand and assess both the impacts and the biodiversity management measures implemented. We have used our GEMI (Global Environmental Management Index) methodology to carry out this analysis.

Dam in the forest

Developing KPIs to measure performance and optimize management

We carry out annual campaigns to monitor the ecological status/potential of reservoirs and rivers downstream of hydropower plants. The aim is to monitor to avoid impacts on these ecosystems directly related to our hydropower production activity.

Algae in the sea


We participate in the LIFE DIVAQUA project. Its main objective is the restoration of the aquatic ecosystems of the Natura 2000 Network in the Picos de Europa National Park (northern Spain) and its surroundings to improve the conservation status of aquatic habitats and species of Community interest.

Gaia reservoir

Taking measures to reduce habitat deterioration

We carry out biodiversity management actions on the properties we own around the Gaia reservoir, which supplies water to our Tarragona Industrial Complex. These measures include building stone piles to preserve the Bonelli's eagle and eagle owl populations, the installation of nesting boxes to maintain and increase the populations of insectivorous birds, rollers, and bats, and the recovery of carob tree fields. 

Shoal of fish in the sea. Biotopes

Ecological beaconing project

For years, we have been implementing an ecological beaconing project with biotopes on the Tarragona coast in order to attract marine flora and fauna and form small reefs.

Since the start of the project in 2012, 135 biotopes have been distributed on the beaches of 6 coastal towns. 

In 2020, this initiative was chosen as an example of best practice according to SDG 14: "Conserve and sustainably use oceans, seas, and marine resources” during the Spanish Global Compact Network's Oceans Week. 

Repsol Campus Patio

Promoting biodiversity in cities

We have integrated our Campus in Madrid into the LIFE Boosting Urban Green Infrastructure through Biodiversity-Oriented Design of Business Premises project, which promotes the design and management of business premises as a measure to protect and increase biodiversity at local level.

Marine life - coral and fish

Analyzing underwater noise with our own methodologies

Using data from special measurement equipment, we have developed a predictive model for underwater sound propagation that estimates the values in similar facilities and with which we have developed a tool for managing risks to marine life. With this advancement, Repsol solidifies its commitment to caring for marine biodiversity in its offshore hydrocarbon production operations. This is in addition to its compliance with the guidelines set by the Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) in all its offshore geophysical seismic operations. We reinforce our relationship with society and stakeholders by providing this knowledge.

Paisaje natural en Perú

Alternatives to conventional biological monitoring

By assessing the ecosystems' genetic footprint, biodiversity data was collected from water, soil, and sediment samples at our Block 57 asset located in a rainforest area of Peru in a non-invasive way for the current living organisms. Also, the simplicity of the sampling method bolsters our commitment to the local communities and significantly reduces our carbon footprint due to less specialized field staff required, less waste generation, and lower use of natural resources, among others.