The first thing we do prior to beginning our operations is to perform a social baseline to know and analyze the context as well as the area's specific social, economic, and cultural aspects.
Similarly, and in collaboration with the local public authorities and social organizations, we identify the stakeholders to be aware of their expectations, needs, concerns, and aspirations.
To that end, we perform Environmental, Social, and Health Impact Assessments (ESHIA). These assessments ensure that all potential impacts are identified as early as possible in the life cycle of a project, so that they're taken into account in the project's own design with the aim to prevent and mitigate its effects. We assess our own direct impacts and those indirect potentially caused by our business relations, included Extractive Business Partners. Social impact assessments are including the impacts on human rights
As of 2011, we have a company-wide internal environmental, social, and health impact assessment regulation in place that includes human rights in this assessment process.
The scope of this regulation includes the human rights set out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and the principles regarding rights established in the International Labor Organization’s Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and the eight Fundamental Conventions that implement them.
In 2014, we developed our own human rights impact assessment methodology. It's an internal support guide for units that perform human rights impact assessments as part of the impact assessment process.
The phases of this methodology are as follow:
Given the nature of our operations and our presence in numerous countries, we are aware that our impacts vary.
Our potential impacts may mainly arise in refineries and chemical complexes or in our exploration and production operations. Based on each context and local reality, through participatory, proactive, and ongoing dialogue, we seek the appropriate solutions in each case.
Human Rights Impact assessment in La Guajira
The human rights impacts assessment was carried out in participatory manner and respecting the indigenous cultures. The Repsol methodology was previously presented to the traditional authorities (Wayuu ethnic group). The interviews were conducted while assuring diversity, with the objective of guaranteeing the active participation of the communities.
The results of the study were shared through mass meetings in the local language (Wayunikki) where aspects related to territoriality, young people’s loss of identity, labor, economic, environmental, and women’s rights were identified. However, the most relevant impact identified was the protection of sacred areas and the cultural impact without any possible mitigation measures. Therefore, the Company's decision has been not to continue operations in this block, being consistent with our Policy, recognizing and respecting the communities’ cultural diversity.
This case was presented in 2019, in the European Parliament in Brussels at the "Companies and Due Diligence in Latin America" private event.
In accordance with the requirements included in our regulatory framework, prior to the start of any activity, feasible alternative designs are considered to minimize the acquisition of land and restrictions on the surface and subsurface land and soil use, in order to avoid resettlement and adverse impacts on the communities and people who use those lands.
When resettlement is unavoidable and before proceeding with the project, the following measures will be taken:
Risks on human rights are integrated into corporate management as part of the Integrated Risk Management System (IRMS), both in the management of strategic risks (reputation and image) and operational risks (code of ethics and conduct).
"In addition to complying with the requirements of local legislation, Repsol is committed to respecting internationally recognized human rights, which encompass the rights set forth in the International Bill of Human Rights and the principles relating to the rights established by the International Labor Organization (ILO) on the Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and the eight Fundamental Conventions that develop them.
Likewise, we are committed to respecting the Human Rights of people belonging to the most vulnerable groups or collectives, regardless of where we operate. This includes: indigenous people; national, ethnic, linguistic, or religious minorities; children, the elderly, differently-abled people; and refugees, displaced people, and migrant workers, as well as their families."